Giel Boles, Giel S. Boles

Ankle Sprain

A severe sprain can be immobilizing as a broken bone and sometimes, just as painful.

Signs and symptoms of a sprain: swelling, pain and discoloration.  Direct tenderness such as a specific point and apparent deformity could mean a fracture instead of a sprain.

Ankle sprains are most common and approximately 80-85% of those are from rolling the ankle outward while the foot rolls inward.

Treatment for ankle sprains:  RICE principle.

Rest: keep weight off affected area.

Ice:  use ice to reduce swelling. If ice is not available, use a cold damp cloth and wrap it tight around ankle.

Compression:  Tape sprained ankle to support it.

Elevation:  Keep elevated which reduces fluid buildup in the affected area.